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The Silent Protest Parade, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, saw 8000 to 10,000 African Americans march along Fifth Avenue on July 28, 1917. The march was organized as a protest to fight against the endemic violence against Black Americans in 1917. The worst instance and leading cause of the protest was the East St. Louis Race Riot that led to the deaths of over 200 African Americans in Illinois.