This African American congregation traces its roots back to the late 19th century. This church building was acquired in 1966 after the acquisition of a former Jewish synagogue.
Established in 1891, Bethany Baptist Church began with services and a Sunday School in a small church on East Fifth Avenue. At that time, the Sunday School offered instruction for thirty young people. The church moved to 10th Avenue and grew slowly, with members bringing friends to service and offering baptismal services in a stream in a stream on East Fifth Avenue. The congregation raised funds for a building of their own at the turn-of-the-century, but like so many organizations they lost half of their money when their bank failed. Despite the failure of the North Side Bank, the congregation continued to raise funds and under the direction of Reverend William Z. Thomas the church was able to secure a new building on the corner of East Fourth and North Sixth Street in 1906.