The Battle of Dandridge was a skirmish that occurred near this location between Union and Confederate forces on January 17th, 1864. During this battle, Union infantry and cavalry were assaulted by a Confederate force supported by artillery. After a bitter fight, the Union soldiers were forced to withdraw fom the area. Even though this was battle represented a victory for the Confederacy, the Southern troops failed to capture or destroy the Union forces, and the skirmish did not reverse the tide of Union control over Tennessee.
The Battle of Dandridge was one of several confrontations between Union and Confederate forces in 1864. Union forces, under the command of Brigadier General Samuel D. Sturgis, were attacked by Confederate soldiers under the command of Lieutenant General James Longstreet. The forces that met on the field were the Cavalry Corps, Army of the Ohio, and the IV Army Corps for the North and the Department of East Tennessee for the Confederates.
In his attempt to control Kimbrough’s Crossroads, Brigadier General Sturgis advanced his cavalry towards the Confederate position but found that Confederate infantry and artillery already controlled the area. Sturgis decided to attack but failed to wrest control of Kimbrough's Crossroads and was forced to withdraw the center of Dandridge. The following day, Longstreet decided to press the attack. Having received warning that the Confederates were preparing for an assault, General Sturgis formed a defensive line.