Battle of Resaca Historical Marker
This marker commemorates a Civil War battle that occurred near this location on May 13-15, 1864. After a large scale engagement, Confederate forces were on the run from Union troops in pursuit of the Confederate army that still controlled much of northern Georgia. The Confederate military entrenched themselves around the town of Resaca in hopes of turning the Union invaders back. Confederate General Joseph Johnston realized that his defenses around Resaca were being outflanked and surrounded, so he retreated farther south and surrendered this territory to the Union.
Backstory and Context
Once the Confederates established a defensive perimeter around the town, Union forces lead by William Sherman began assaulting those positions. The Union Army of the Ohio, which was under the command of John Schofield, attacked first in the dawn hours of May 14. One of Schofield's division commanders, however, was drunk, and his attack was poorly planned and horrible executed. Later on that day, Union forces captured high ground west of the town which secured a superior artillery position above Johnston's potential line of retreat.
Four Confederate artillery pieces were placed ahead of the main Confederate defensive line but Union forces assaulted this position and forced the Confederate soldiers manning the artillery pieces to surrender their position. However, the Union had to fall back due to heavy small arms fire and the Union was not able to take advantage until after Confederate forces began their retreat.
Johnston recognized that Union forces were outflanking his position and ordered his men to retreat in the dead of night. His men moved further south and burned bridges in their wake. Union forces repaired the bridges and the chase began leading to the Battle of Adairsville.
Rickard, John. Battle of Resaca. History of War. August 27, 2000. http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_resaca.html.
Ryan, Darrell. Battle of Resaca. Homestead. http://darrellryan.homestead.com/Resaca.html.