The USS Pampanito is a World War II Balao Class Fleet Submarine built in 1943 at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in New Hampshire. The USS Pampanito currently serves as a museum that is operated by the Maritime Parks Association at Pier 45 in Fisherman’s Wharf. The USS Pampanito attracts over 100,000 visitors a year who can tour the World War II era submarine.
Backstory and Context
According to the National Park Service, The USS Pampanito made six patrols in the Pacific Ocean during World War II. Those patrols lead to the sinking of six Japanese ships and the attack of four others. During the USS Pampanito’s first two patrols, it was close to being destroyed itself by Japanese forces. During its first patrol, it was spotted and damaged by depth charges. During its second patrol, the USS Pampanito was nearly sunk by two torpedoes that were fired at the ship. Two lookouts had spotted the incoming torpedoes and alerted the captain, who was able to maneuver the ship to avoid the collision.
The USS Pampanito’s third patrol is considered to be the most well-known. On September 12th, 1944, The USS Pampanito, as well as two other American submarines, attacked a convoy of enemy ships that were carrying production materials. Although the US ships were unaware at the time, the convoy was also carrying over 2,000 Australian and British prisoners of War. When the USS Pampanito returned to the area of the attack, it’s crew discovered 73 prisoners that had survived the attack and were floating on makeshift rafts. The USS Pampanito, as well as three other US submarines, were able to rescue the surviving prisoners.
According to the National Park Service, the USS Pampanito was decommissioned in 1945 after receiving six battle stars. American submarines were able to sink more than 600,000 tons of enemy warships and over 5,000,000 tons of merchant and production materials, which severely harmed Japan’s ocean commerce. The USS Pampanito helped the US forces create a blockade that denied Japan oil, iron ore, food and other materials that it needed to maintain its war efforts.
Visitors can tour the floating submarine every day beginning at 9 am. According to AFTourismTips.com, The tour begins at the back of the submarine, where visitors are introduced to the torpedo room, where the weapons would be stored before being loaded for firing. Visitors would then enter one of the two engine rooms, where crew members would control and pilot the submarine. Visitors walk through the sleeping quarters and mess hall before arriving in the final room, where missions were planned and executed. The room included a panel that displayed the submarines routes. It was known as the Christmas tree because of its red and green lights. Visitors can conclude their tour by heading to the main deck, where they can view the massive artillery canon that now lies on top of the submarine.
Welcome to USS Pompanito. Maritime Park Association. Accessed April 17, 2017. https://maritime.org/pamphome.htm.
USS. Pampanito. Accessed April 17, 2017. https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/wwiibayarea/pam.htm.