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Jim Crow Era was a time in the late 1800’s into the 1900’s when African Americans faced segregation and discrimination. Segregation was seen in railway travel, buses, public waiting rooms, parks, cemeteries, restaurants, hospitals, schools, bathrooms, and even water fountains. Segregation was legal as long as the facilities were of equal quality. Each law would vary depending on what state you are in and how they saw segregation.


  • JT Barber School

Jim Crow Laws on education in New Bern, in 1873. New Bern resolved to provide separate but equal education opportunities for the black children of the town. In 1875, the state constitution was amended to provide separate but equal education facilities for white and black children. In 1905, the West Street Graded School was burnt to the ground. From that point on until the 1950’s black children had school inside buildings here and there that were somewhat remodeled to fit the schooling needs. In 1951-1955 another school was constructed, named after the principle of the West Street Graded School, J.T. Barber. The school has had multiple names including J.T. Barber School, J.T. Barber Middle School, J.T. Barber High School, and J.T. Barber Elementary School. In 1956, J.T. Barber School graduated its first class of seniors. The J.T. Barber school laid the groundwork for African Americans sense of pride and ownership in their association with J.T. Barber School (JT Barber School).

Jim Crow Laws on education in the state of NC. Laws in NC dealing with the segregation of education were first enacted by the state legislature in 1875. In 1903, a law specified that no one with “Negro blood in his veins” shall attend a school for white people. A 1908, law stated that white and black children could not attend the same schools. It also stated Native Americans had to have separate schools. As the country moved towards racial integration of schools, the state legislature took steps to ensure ability of the races to remain separate. In 1965, school boards were given the option to suspend school operations, and in 1957 a law stated that no one would be forced to attend a mix raced school.

Jim Crow Laws on education nationwide. Schools that were segregated between the White children and the Black children was illegal after the court case Brown vs. Board of Education 1954. Black children were still given “equal opportunities.” Such as, attending school, drinking from a water fountain, use of public restrooms. White children still questioned as to why they even wanted to go to school, being that they were “good for nothing.”

Department of Cultural Resources, Office of Archives and History. "J. T. Barber School." National Register of Historic Places, North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office, 20 Dec. 2006, citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=DDEA50E966897D012CF8564B2AABCB4C?doi=10.1.1.729.3061&rep=rep1&type=pdf. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.

Hand, Bill. "From ‘Separate But Equal’ Schools to Integration." Sun Journal, New Bern, North Carolina, Gate House Media, 6 July 2014, www.newbernsj.com/20140706/bill-hand-from-separate-but-equal-schools-to-integration/307069939. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.