Lancaster City, Capital of the United States...For One Day
During the heart of the revolutionary war, the British troops advanced south trying to take over the capital city of Philadelphia. George Washington led his men into the battle of Brandywine. After being flanked, the troops retreated, and Philadelphia fell under British control. The continental congress decided to move the capital 60 miles west to Lancaster. They met in the Lancaster courthouse. On September 27, 1777, Lancaster became the capital of the United States. During the one day as capital, congress elected Ben Franklin a commissioner to negotiate a treaty with France.
Backstory and Context