Pavilion I is a historic building located within Thomas Jefferson's Academical Village at the University of Virginia. The structure adjoins the steps of the Rotunda steps on the west side. Completed in 1822, it was the fifth pavilion to be constructed. It features columnns topped by Doric capitals, central doorways on the first two floors, and a center chimney. It is distinguished by the Chinese-inspired trellis on its second floor.
Backstory and Context
Pavilion I is characterized by its four plastered white-painted columnns, topped by Doric capitals manufactured in Charlottesville, Virginia. The Chinese-inspired trellis on the second floor was designed by Jefferson himself. Pavilion I's first occupant was John Patton Emmet, professor of natural history, who taught chemistry, botany, and comparative anatomy. His botanical experiments included growing grapes, rare flours, fruit trees, and Chinese mulberries on which to raise silkworms. The garden soon overgrew the available space. In response, Emmet purchased property near the pavilion; it is still called "Morea" after the botanical name for mulberry.
In 1997, the morning of the graduation ceremony commencement, the balcony on the second level of Pavilion I collapsed. Investigations into the matter revealed that the cause was a single corroded wrought iron tension rod and a lack of redundancies in the design. As the rod was concealed within a supporting wooden beam, there were no visible signs of the corrosion prior to the collapse. In response, the rods were replaced by ones made of stainless steel that look identical to the originals.
"The Lawn." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed March 19, 2017. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lawn.
"U.Va. Web Map: Pavilion I." The University of Virginia. Accessed March 20, 2017. http://www.Virginia.edu/webmap/popPages/pavilion1.html.
"University of Virginia Historic Balcony Collapse." Failures. Accessed March 20, 2017. http://failures.wikispaces.com/University+of+Virginia+Historic+Balcony+Collapse.
Maverick Engraving; image from http://repo.lib.Virginia.edu:18080/fedora/get/uva-lib:81674/uva-lib-bdef:100/viewCitation?style=, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4744210.
Pavilion I; image by Timothy Jarrett from Arlington, MA, USA - flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5290050.
Rotunda from the Lawn; image uploaded and edited by Ibn Battuta - University of Virginia Visual History Collection, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1819706.