Mr. Shulze's political career started when he was elected to the pennsylvania assembly for three terms in 1806. From there he was elected for the state senate in 1822 where he was encouraged to run for governor. He did so in 1823 and won against Senator Andrew Gregg. He drastically beat his opponet a few years later when he ran for re-election.
During his governor years John Andrew Shulze worked with Joseph Watson to recover around 20 free blacks that had been stolen and sold into slavery. He also worked to prosecute the kidnapers as well as other perpetrators in similar cases. Governor Shulze pushed for free education in the state via public schools and although he did not get it through he still set the ground work for his sucessor. In 1840 Shulze was the president of Pennsylvania's electoral college that elected William Harrison president of the United States. He died twelve years later at the age of 77 and was buried in Woodward Hill Cemetery in lancaster Pa.