The Morrell House, also known as the Paymaster’s Clerk’s Quarters, is a historic residence in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. The home was originally built from 1857 through 1858 to house the U.S. Armory’s Paymaster’s Clerk, and was identical in design to the nearby Brackett House. The Morrell House was one of several buildings gifted by the government to Storer College in 1868. For fifteen years the structure housed Rev. Alexander Morrell, the home’s namesake. The Morrell House has also served various purposes such as a summer boarding house, an inn, and apartments for Storer teachers. After Storer College closed, the Morrell House was acquired by the National Park Service, and currently operates as the headquarters for Harpers Ferry National Historical Park.
In 1856, Congress authorized the construction of three
residences at Harpers Ferry for U.S. Armory officials; the Superintendent’s
Clerk, the Paymaster’s Clerk, and the Master Armorer. The Morrell House was
built from 1857 through 1858 at Camp Hill to house the Paymaster’s Clerk. The
structure was designed by Armory Superintendent Henry W. Clowe and was made
identical to the nearby Brackett House that was built for the Superintendent’s
Clerk. The more simplistic styles of the two homes reflected the lower status
of their occupants compared to the homes of their superiors. For a short time,
the Master Armorer Benjamin Mills lived in the home because he refused to live
in the Master Armorer’s House built on Shenandoah Street. After Mills’
departure in 1859, the house was occupied by Paymaster’s Clerk John E. P.
Daingerfield and his family, who lived in the Morrell House until the armory
was abandoned at the start of the Civil War in April of 1861.
In 1868, Congress authorized the transfer of ownership of the
four armory facilities on Camp Hill, including Morrell, to the recently created
Storer College. Sometime after this acquisition, Storer expanded Morrell House
by building a two-and-a-half story stone addition. In 1870, Rev. Alexander H.
Morrell and his family moved into the house that would later bear their name.
Rev. Morrell, a member of the Freewill Baptist Home Mission Board, was a good
friend of Nathan C. Brackett and helped establish Storer College. For the next
eleven years, Rev. Morrell would work to organize churches throughout the local
area. In 1881, Morrell moved to Rhode Island but later returned to Harpers
Ferry in 1885. Shortly after his death in December of the same year he returned,
a plaque was placed on his home naming it as the “Morrell House.”
After Rev. Morrell’s death, Storer College began renting out
Morrell House to summer boarders, much like with the Brackett and Lockwood
Houses. In the early 1900s, the Shawen family operated a hotel out of Morrell,
known as the Sparrow’s Inn that closed in 1919. From 1920 to 1929, Anna T.
Dailey and her daughter Mrs. Lou Thompson, managed Morrell under the name of
the Shenandoah Inn. Afterwards, Morrell was converted into apartments for
Storer faculty. In 1942, a large fire destroyed the two-and-a-half story stone
addition to Morrell, but the original section of the home survived little damage
and it was decided not to rebuild the addition. In 1955, Storer College closed
and in 1960 the National Park Service obtained ownership of Morrell as well as
the rest of Storer’s campus. Today Morrell House acts as the administrative
headquarters for the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park.