Located at the corner of 4th and New Streets, right next to the Ben Franklin Bridge, St. George’s is the oldest Methodist church in continuous use in the United States. The congregation was founded in 1767, moved into its current location in 1769 and has been there ever since. It played a pivotal role in the development of Methodism in the U.S. due to its links to the A.M.E denomination as well as the Methodist leaders who preached within its confines. The church still welcomes worshippers every Sunday and has opened a Methodist museum and archives on the premises. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.
Methodist congregation that would eventually meet at St. George’s initially
held services in a nearby sail loft on Dock Street and then later at a home
owned by Benjamin Lowley. In 1769, they
were finally able to purchase a permanent home in the form of an unfinished
church started by a German Reformed congregation. That building was begun in 1763 and was
nothing more than an empty shell when acquired.
The Methodists worshipped in it immediately and began interior
improvements that would not be completed until the early 1790s.
Methodist preacher, Francis Asbury, was received at St. George’s for the first
time in 1771 and he preached there numerous times. He is best known for preaching 16,500 sermons
as he traveled almost 270,000 miles throughout the colonies and America over 45
years. The church also served as a
British hospital and cavalry house while Philadelphia was occupied during the
Revolutionary War in 1777. The British
destroyed what work the congregation had completed on the building’s interior,
which further delayed its completion.
was one of the few houses of worship that permitted black worshippers. However, blacks were forced to attend segregated
services prior to the arrival of the white parishioners. In 1787, licensed black Methodist preacher
and former slave, Richard Allen, led his congregation away from St. George’s and
they went on to found the Mother Bethel A.M.E Church. Mother Bethel was one of the first A.M.E
churches in the nation when it was founded in 1794. In 2009, during the “Great Gathering” at St.
George’s, the two denominations reunited as one congregation and reconciliation
building has been expanded and renovated over the years, but still features a
simple and dignified interior and exterior and has come to be known as the “cradle
of American Methodism.” It is also,
tongue-in-cheek, known as the “church that moved a bridge” after it won a 1920s
legal battle that forced the construction of the Ben Franklin Bridge to move 15
feet to the east. It museum and archives
features artifacts from 18th and 19th century Philadelphia
as well some of the personal effects of Methodist leaders, such as Francis Asbury’s
Bible and the journal of Joseph Pilmore, the church’s first preacher.