Backstory and Context
Brookgreen Gardens was founded in 1931 by Anna Hyatt Huntington (1876-1973) and her husband, Archer Huntington (1870-1955). The property was once part of a rice plantation first developed in the 18th century. The Huntingtons bought the property to build a retreat where Anna could recover from the tuberculosis she had contracted in 1927 and showcase her sculptural work, which primarily depicts animals. They proceeded to build a single-story mansion called Atalaya, which is located across the highway along the coast, and lived there during winter. They incorporated Brookgreen Gardens in 1931 and it was open to the public by 1933. Anna designed the sculptural area of the garden herself. Brookgreen Gardens listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a contributing property of the Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens National Landmark Historic District.
Anna Hyatt Huntington
Anna Hyatt Huntington was one of the most well-known American artists of the early 20th century. Born on March 10, 1876, she gained a love for animals from her father, Alpheus Hyatt, who was a pioneering professor of paleontology and zoology at Harvard and MIT. She also took an interest to sculpture and mostly taught the medium to herself. Her career began in 1898 when she held her first show and she earned a reputation for her skill in portraying classical animal and equestrian sculpture. Some of her famous works include Joan of Arc, which is on display in New York City, El Cid, and Young Andrew Jackson. She married Archer Huntington in 1923.
Archer Huntington was a well-known philanthropist, respected scholar of Hispanic Studies, and served as the president of the American Geographical Society. He also founded The Hispanic Society of America. He was born on March 10, 1870 in New York City and grew up in a wealthy family. His stepfather was railroad magnate Collis Huntington, who helped build the transcontinental railroad. His mother, Arabella, shared her love of travel, art and learning with Archer, who took an interest in Hispanic culture and the Mediterranean region. He also studied linguistics and history. His philanthropic activities included donating an endowment in 1936 that established the position of the U.S. Poet Laureate, and donating funds to American Numismatic Society. Anna was his second wife (he and his first wife divorced in 1918).
"Anna Hyatt Huntington Papers." Syracuse University Libraries Special Collections Research Center. Accessed February 26, 2021. https://library.syr.edu/digital/guides/h/huntington_ah.htm.
"Archer Milton Huntington Papers." Syracuse University Libraries Special Collections Research Center. Accessed February 26, 2021. https://library.syr.edu/digital/guides/h/huntington_am.htm.
Califf, John & Burr, Julie. "Brookgreen Gardens." National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. April 15, 1978. https://npgallery.nps.gov/GetAsset/04eaed22-0c27-48ff-8464-6c34093ac429.
"History of the Gardens." Brookgreen Gardens. Accessed April 4, 2016. https://www.brookgreen.org/history-gardens.
"The Huntingtons." Brookgreen Gardens. Retrieved from the Web Archive on February 26, 2021. https://web.archive.org/web/20101212083320/http://www.brookgreen.org/huntington.cfm.