George Washington appointed Nathaniel Greene to command the Southern Army. Greene decided take an unorthodox move by splitting his army in two. One force was led by Daniel Morgan, who was tasked with cutting off British supply lines and resisting British efforts in the countryside. Morgan's force eventually encountered the British force led by Tarleton. Tarleton pursued Morgan until they reached Cowpens, which was an important crossroads and cattle pasturing land (hence the name). Since cows grazed this property it was devoid of trees or brush so movement was easy. The terrain was mostly flat except for small hills tall enough to conceal people behind them, a feature that Morgan used to his advantage. The first African Americans to fight in the United States Army were mostly laborers playing a major part in support of military operations.
A thriving slave trade enterprise in the south and a new country being formed, the experience of the African American soldiers was one of chaos and opportunity. The Revolutionary War brought the opportunity for freedom for many who were enslaved, also adventure and work for the free African American. With the British needing manpower as much as the Continental Army their presence was a catalyst for slavery to unofficially end in parts of the north and an opportunity for freedom outside of the colonies, notably in Nova Scotia. The 15 African American men that were at The Battle of Cowpens didn't fight but were essential to the victory. The Battle of Cowpens is a noted turning point in the war for freedom. The only way to see the battlefield is a one mile walking trail. there are also bike trails and is visited by locals and tourists alike.