Sahuaro Ranch was founded in 1886, by William Henry Bartlett, a native of Illinois. The ranch, located north of what eventually became the city of Glendale, Arizona, was rich in figs and other fruit orchards, vineyards, and fields of alfalfa. The ranch has all of its historical structures restored, and the Sahuaro Ranch Park is administered by the Parks and Recreation Department of Glendale.
Please note: Spelling differs between this location and the Saguaro cactus.
In 1913, Peter E. Bradshaw purchased the ranch, and in 1915 planted long-staple cotton. In 1927, Richard W. Smith purchased the ranch and planted large citrus and pecan orchards. In 1928, Smith built a dairy barn and raised dairy cows commercially. The milk from the cows was sold in bulk and shipped to local dairies in cans. Richard W. Smith died in 1944. His son, Richard S. Smith, inherited the farm and established a retail dairy on the ranch, known as the Sahuaro Jersey Dairy Milk House.
In 1966, the City of Glendale, with the initiative of then Mayor Max Klass. began a process to purchase 80 acres of the original 640 acres of the ranch. In 1977, the purchase was made possible by a federal grant and the City of Glendale proceeded to restore the historical structures on the ranch. After the City of Glendale purchased the land, Richard S. Smith was allowed to lease the ranch until 1980.
In March 7, 1980, Sahuaro Ranch was registered on the National Register of Historic Places after the city applied for the registration of 17 acres of the ranch.
Structure Building Timeline
1881: First structure built: an adobe house which served as the residence and office of Stephen H. Campbell, the first superintendent to manage the ranch.
1891: Fruit Packing House, the largest packing house in the Salt River Valley.
1890s: other structures which were built on the ranch were the Foreman's House, the blacksmith shop and the horse barn.
1898: Guest House
1901: Pump House built for an oil-fired electrical generator.
1905: Garage built to store wagons and autos.
1928: Dairy Barn