Site of the signing of the Pittsburgh Agreement, May 31, 1918.
Located on the corner of Penn Ave and 7th Street, the marker commemorates the signing of the "Pittsburgh Agreement. On May 31, 1918, delegates met in Pittsburgh to create an agreement calling for the establishment of a new democratic republic to serve as a homeland for the Czech and Slovakian people. Once established, it became the modern state of Czechoslovakia.
Backstory and Context
"The leading figure at the gathering was Thomas Garrigue Masaryk, a professor of philosophy and former a member of the Austrian parliament, who had been leading an international campaign for Czech independence since the outbreak of World War I. In 1918, Masaryk met with President Wilson to gain his support, then travelled to help convene the meeting in Pittsburgh.
"The delegates signed their 'Pittsburgh Agreement' on May 31, 1918.... Building on a framework outlined in Cleveland in 1915, the Pittsburgh Agreement-only six sentences in length-called for a new government that would be a 'republic with a democratic constitution,' and recognized both Czech and Slovak as the official languages, each in its respective geographic region."