Visitors to the Museum of Science & History will be able to learn about northeast Florida's cultural and natural history, as well as about the history of space exploration. It features numerous exhibits that look at human health, Florida's marine life, renewable energy, and Florida's cultural history from 12,000 years ago to the 1960s. It also features the largest single-lens planetarium in the world and a small animal exhibit where visitors can get a closeup look at turtles, baby alligators, snakes, owls and other small animals.
The museum opened as the Jacksonville Children's Museum in 1948 in a home on Riverside Avenue (it was chartered in 1941). In 1969 the current building, smaller at the time, was constructed. The museum changed its name in 1977 to the Jacksonville Museum of Arts and Sciences but adopted its current name in 1988; the planetarium was also built that year.