On May 1st, 1900, disaster struck the small community of Scofield when a mine exploded and killed over two hundred men. This small cemetery that was previously home to family burial plots soon became a field of many tombstones bearing the same date. The once obscure mining town in Utah, drew the attention of people around the world as the episode marked one of the deadliest mining disasters in history.
settled as range land ideal for cattle ranching, the region’s settlers
discovered its abundance of coal. This
attracted mining and rail companies, who took advantage of those
resources. The population rose with the
increase in coal mining. On March 8,
1892, the county clerk granted a Town Corporation and established an official
government on March 15, 1893 . The town
of Scofield was born.
Scofield was home to one of Utah’s highest
producing coal mines at the time. But
the Winter Quarters Mine was also one of the oldest mines in the state. Coal mining was a dangerous profession, so it
was necessary to have frequent inspections to ensure that everything was safe (according
to the standards of the time). Gomer
Thomas, the State Coal Mine Inspector, made seven “official” visits to this
mine throughout 1899. He noted specific
details of his findings of each visit throughout the year. His final visit on March 8, 1900 found
everything ventilated and in working order .
On May 1, 1900 at around 10:15 am, a
massive explosion was heard and felt throughout the community. Reports began to stream in that the Number
Four Mine had exploded. Citizens of the
community were in disbelief. This mine
“was supposed to be the safest mine of all of the Company’s mines” . John Wilson, who worked at the Winter
Quarters Mine, had been standing by the opening of the mine when the initial
explosion occurred. He was subsequently
thrown 820 feet by the sheer force of the blast . It is not known whether he actually survived
The death tolls reported in the
newspapers ranged from 150-250 and changed frequently as the list of the dead
was updated [5,6]. According to news
accounts, the initial blast was said to have instantly killed around 100 miners. The rest died of injuries sustained in the
blast or because of carbon monoxide asphyxiation from the explosion. The final death toll was 200. The people of Scofield mourned the loss of so
many husbands, fathers and sons.
tragedy shocked the country, and President McKinley sent a message conveying
his grief to the people of Scofield.
French President Loubet also sent his condolences as a result of the
terrible accident [1,7]. Funeral
services for the miners were held in multiple locations around Utah. The Scofield Cemetery became the final
resting place for miners from all around the world. While this accident comprises only part of
the cemetery’s history, it is certainly what made Scofield, Utah a landmark.