William Bill Pickett (1870-1932) was the first African American cowboy to be inducted into the Cowboy Hall of Fame. Pickett was born in 1870 and became a ranch hand after completing the fifth grade. He noticed that herder dogs controlled steers by biting their noses and he originated a technique to replicate this, wrapping his arm around a steer and pinching its nose. He became a rodeo star and eventually a film star by wrestling steer in this manner, a technique now called bulldogging.
Pickett was one of thirteen children and his parents were former slaves. He had both African and Native American (Comanche) ancestry. Not surprisingly, his African background often prevented him from participating in rodeo shows. However, he was able to mitigate this somewhat by claiming he was fully Comanche. Eventually he became part of the Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show and traveled all over the US and even as far away as England. Pickett performed several other tricks at shows. Perhaps his most famous performance occurred at the Cheyenne Frontier Days in 1904.