Cynthia Ann Parker and the Native Americans of North Texas- Historical Marker
Backstory and Context
Cynthia was born in Crawford County, Illinois around 1824 or 1825. Her and her family moved to Texas when her grandfather, John Parker, was recruited to settle in North-Central Texas and establish a fortified settlement. Comanche raids had made white colonization of Texas and Northern Mexico nearly impossible. The Parker family established Fort Parker. On May 19, 1836, a Comanche raid devastated Ft. Parker, capturing Cynthia, who was around nine years old at the time.
Cynthia and Peta Nocona had three children, sons Quanah and Pecos and daughter Topsannah. Their son, Quanah, was the last free Comanche chief. In December of 1860, Cynthia was captured by Texas Rangers, who were looking for her upon her father’s request. Cynthia never properly reintegrated into her family and Euro-American culture. In 1864, the only child that came with her back to her birth family, Topsannah, died of influenza. After her daughter’s death, Cynthia began refusing food and water, resigning herself to die. She died in March of 1871.
Cynthia’s memory is still celebrated to this day. Crowell, Texas holds a Cynthia Ann Parker Festival every year and the town of Groesbeck, also in Texas, holds an annual Christmas festival at the former site of Ft. Parker. An exact replica of the old fort has been built on the site. Also, the 1954 novel The Searchers by Alan LeMay and the 1956 adaptation of the novel are loosely based on Cynthia’s life.