In 2016, dendrochronology testing was done on wooden timbers that form part of the building's framing. The tests showed that the timbers date to 1786 or 1787. This would be just before George Washington was sworn in as the first U.S. president and takes the building out of the colonial era. Around 1787, historical research suggests that the building was constructed as a tavern for Esme Smock, and rented by Smock from heirs of William Carr, the landowners.
During the FDR Administration, the WPA was tasked to restore the building. On May 13th, 1969, it was designated on the Virginia Landmark Register, and on November 12th, 1969, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. The structure is owned by Prince William County and used as offices for their Historic Preservation Division.