Formerly known as Gouverneur Hospital, Gouverneur Health is a New York University School of Medicine-affiliated healthcare building. Located in Manhattan’s Financial District and built in 1885 as Gouverneur Hospital, Gouverneur Health was one of many municipal health care facilities in New York City. In 1982, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Today, Gouverneur Health continues to serve its community, and holds the highest accreditation possible from the National Committee for Quality Assurance as a hospital.
In 1885, the Gouverneur Hospital was founded in Manhattan’s
Financial District mainly to serve Lower East Side Manhattanite residents
during a time of rapid European immigration. Initially, the hospital was
founded mainly to treat the patients of accidents that did not require
overnight care. However, by 1887, the services that the hospital needed to
provide were quickly seen to be bolstered, and they changed to taking patients
beyond that of just accidents. Despite the hospital’s efforts, the needs of the
community were quickly outgrowing the hospital’s ability to adequately care for
the community it served. To counteract this, the hospital constructed a new
facility in May of 1897, and once construction was done, the hospital quickly
moved its operations to the new facility.
With the move came the ability to better serve the people of
the Lower East Side, and for a time, the hospital did well. However, through
the mid-1900s, the Gouverneur Hospital dwindled in quality, and in 1959, it
lost its accreditation. Because of this, the hospital continued to try to
provide quality care for its patients, but it closed down around 1970. Soon
after, it was replaced by another Gouverneur Hospital, which would help to
serve the people of the Lower East Side, as well as those of Manhattan’s Little
Italy and Chinatown. On October 29th, 1982, the Gouverneur Hospital
building which was shut down was placed on the National Register of Historic
Places, and in 1994, it was converted into Gouverneur Court, a building
providing assisted living care.