During the days of segregation in America, it was sometimes popular for white audiences to watch black performers where black patrons would not be accepted. There are many stories of nightclubs in Harlem where performers would be treated badly, asked to come in back entrances, and refused service at the very same venues where their white fan bases were the biggest. Most performers would endure these indignities because they needed to make a living. In the South some venues resisted the popularity of African American musicians entirely. Performers shared with each other which places they would be accepted so that they could tour the South safely. These venues became known colloquially as The Chitlin' Circuit, and The Royal Peacock was a big name on the circuit. This venue was typically open to mixed audiences but actually saw the necessity to allow whites only on Wednesdays and Saturdays in the early 1950s.
Some of the performers to entertain at the Royal Peacock included:
Gladys Knight and the Pips (Gladys was a local born Atlantan).
The Royal Peacock also hosted such celebrities as Joe Loius, Jackie Robinson and Muhummad Ali during their time in Atlanta.