Site of Rincon/Douglass School
Following the Civil War and the end of slavery, Congress established the Freedman's Bureau to oversee programs to help former slaves and protect them from the frequent abuses of former planters and others who sought to prevent them from achieving freedom. Many of these programs sought to make sure that African Americans remained in agricultural labor and domestic services, but some Freedmen's Bureau agents, along with soldiers deployed throughout the South after the war, actively defended black men who attempted to vote. One of the most visible of the bureau's programs was the organization and building of schools. This is the site of one of those schools.
Backstory and Context
Operation of the school was assumed by the city of San Antonio in 1871, and it was made part of the city's school district. The name was changed to Riverside School in 1890, and to Frederick Douglass School in 1904. Ten years later the school was relocated to a two-story brick building at what is now 318 Martin Luther King Drive.
An important part of the city's history, Rincon/Douglass School has been integral to the education of a large portion of San Antonio's population.