During the war, West Virginia residents served in armed forces in higher proportions than the citizens of any state, a dedication to the service which was also seen from West Virginians in World War II and the Vietnam War and continued to be seen well into the 21st century. In an effort to honor these servicemen and servicewomen in addition to the integral role the city played in the two world wars, the city erected the Nitro War Memorial directly in front of its city hall. This particular monument honors those who served in wars in the second half of the 20th century. The front of the monument commemorates James Craig Wears, who made the supreme sacrifice in Vietnam. The Vietnam War saw 36,578 West Virginians answer their country's call to service. The monument also honors the service of West Virginians who served in the Korean War and the Gulf War.