Nelson W. Aldrich House (Rhode Island Historical Society Headquarters)
Built in 1821, this stately home and National Historic Landmark was the former residence of powerful US Senator Nelson W. Aldrich who served in the United States Senate from 1881 to 1911. Today it is the headquarters and one of two historic house museums of the Rhode Island Historical Society (RIHS), which is the fourth oldest state historical society in the country. Winthrop Aldrich, Nelson Aldrich's son, eventually deeded it to the Society. Its exhibits explore Rhode Island's statehood history. The RIHS also uses the House for administrative services and a variety of public programs. It holds a large collection that includes 5,000 manuscripts, 100,000 books, 400,000 maps and photos, and over 9 million feet of film. The other house museum it operates is the John Brown House, which was built in 1788 and is also a National Historic Landmark (it also has its own Clio entry). RIHS also operates the Museum of Work and Culture located in Woonsocket.
Backstory and Context
On tariff he reduced, partially due to increasing pressure from progressives and his declining power, arrived when he co-sponsored the 1909 Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act, which removed restrictive import duties on fine art, which allowed Americans -- including museums -- to import expensive European art.
Adams, George R. and Ralph Christian. "Nomination Form: Nelson Aldrich House." National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places. December 8, 1976. https://npgallery.nps.gov/GetAsset/7c33d630-5d1c-40c6-88b5-2d1ccd9457b7. and http://www.preservation.ri.gov/pdfs_zips_downloads/national_pdfs/providence/prov_benevolent-street-110_nelson-w-aldrich-house-nhl.pdf
McDonald, John D. "A Taxing History Why U.S. Corporate Tax Policy Needs to Come Full Circle and Once Again Reflect the Reality of the Individual as Taxpayer." University of Chicago. Published 2015. Informal Paper sent for comments - https://www.law.uchicago.edu/files/file/integration_draft_commentary_paper.pdf
Phillips, David Graham. "The Treason of the Senate: Aldrich, The Head of It All." Cosmopolitan. March 1906. Accessed October 2, 2018 at https://www.starkman.com/hippo/history/aldrich/phillips.html.
Nelson W. Aldrich Papers. Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/archival/4952, accessed on October 2, 2018.
Schlesinger, A. M. The New England Quarterly 4, no. 3 (1931): 531-34. doi:10.2307/359853.
Stephenson, Nathaniel. Nelson W. Aldrich, a Leader in American Politics. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1930.
Photo of House: Daniel Case, via Wikimedia Commons
Portrait of Nelson W. Aldrich: By Engraving from Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Rhode Island, 1916. - Engraving from Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Rhode Island, 1916., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46564102