Rawdon commanded a mix of British soldiers and Loyalists based in Camden, South Carolina. On April 20, Nathanael Greene arrived near Camden to find Rawdon's men actively on defense, foiling his plans of taking their garrison by surprise. Greene opted to retreat in hopes of drawing Rawdon into the battlefield. Greene ordered Colonel Edward Carrington to take most of armies artillery and defend against incoming British troops. Rawdon was soon misinformed by an American deserter that Greene lacked artillery, prompting Rawdon to plan an attack on the Americans.
Though outnumbered, Rawdon systematically overwhelmed portions of Greene's men, aided by the death of Captain William Beatty and the injuring of Benjamin Ford. Following combat, Greene retreated his men to the old Camden battlefield in defeat, and shortly contemplated abandoning the South Carolina campaign. Rawdon returned to his garrsion, and in the following weeks, devised a plan to relocate his troops to Charleston and Savannah in August.