At this location in 1916, Margaret Sanger opened the Brownville Clinic- the first birth control clinic in the United States. Opened and operated for its short life in secret, Sanger provided many women with information and access to contraceptives and gave open information to subjects such as sex. The clinic first shut down a few months after its opening resulting in the arrest of Sanger. Though the clinic did not survive long, it was the first of its time to openly approach the subject, thus giving aid to hundreds of women, and starting a movement still felt today.
to England in 1914 after having charges brought against her in respect to the
Comstock Laws. These laws were a set passed by the US Congress to help stop the
spread of immoral information finding its way into young children`s minds. This
included the open conversations and giving open access of contraceptives. While
in England, Margaret Sanger studied more about contraceptives, mainly birth
control, and used this new information in the clinic she would open back in America.
Sanger worried that women would not come to the clinic due to
laws that prevented her from publicly spreading the word. However, when a mass
of people showed up it brought to realization just what these women were
looking for, and who they could confide and open up to. Women did come to the
clinic when it opened, but it was shut down only 10 days after opening because of
the notice it was getting by the young women of the area. The police used
undercover cops to obtain enough information to raid the clinic.
After being shutdown for the last time after getting evicted from the property,
Sanger founded the American Birth Control League in 1921. Her mission with
founding this league was to educate women on the prevention of
pregnancy and proper use of contraceptives. She used lectures and writings to
inform women. In 1923, the first legal birth control
clinic opened under Sanger and the league. It was known as the
Clinical Research Bureau.