Elk River Girder Span Bridge
The bridge spans the mouth of the Elk River at Kanawha Blvd. in Charleston, West Virginia. It was constructed in 1939 and is 500 feet long. At one end of the bridge, there are two plaques, one is original from 1938 and the other is from the bridge's restoration in 1985. The bridge was designed to link with the existing segment of Kanawha Boulevard (US 60 East) east of Charleston and help manage the growing commuter traffic as the region's population increased. The bridge was a product of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal initiatives which created jobs across the country during the Great Depression.
Backstory and Context
With democratic control of the West Virginia State Legislature and President Roosevelt and democratic Governor Herman Guy Kump in office in 1933, the New Deal found many strong supports in West Virginia. New Deal policies helped to bring in construction jobs across the state on projects to improve infrastructure by building bridges, roads, and public buildings. Other examples of lasting New Deal projects in the state include Huntington's flood control walls and Babcock State Park. In addition to construction and parks projects, the New Deal promoted unionization in the state and helped the United Mine Workers of America to form a union for West Virginia miners in 1933. Though the New Deal projects undoubtedly helped many survive the Great Depression, it was not a cure for West Virginia's economic troubles. The beginning of World War II and the increase in production across the country eliminated the need for New Deal projects and ended the programs.
New Deal. HISTORY. September 14, 2018. Accessed February 25, 2019. https://www.history.com/topics/great-depression/new-deal.
Girder Bridges. JFE Engineering Corporation. . Accessed February 25, 2019. http://www.jfe-eng.co.jp/en/products/infrastructure/bridge/br01.html.
Thomas, Jerry Bruce. New Deal. West Virginia Encyclopedia. October 12, 2010. Accessed February 25, 2019. https://www.wvencyclopedia.org/articles/2265.
McKee, Brent. Kanawhat Boulevard Bridge - Charleston, WV. Living New Deal. March 27, 2018. Accessed February 25, 2019. https://livingnewdeal.org/projects/kanawha-boulevard-bridge-charleston-wv/.