The Observatory was raided and destroyed in February 1849. The results of this raid left all the instruments rendered and useless and some were stolen. Some of the furniture was stolen and clocks were set ahead. No one was held responsible for the ransacking of the building.
This building escaped wreckage from the burning of the university in April 1865. Some sources claim it was not burned down due to the distance it was from campus, but Jerry Oldshue did an interview with Fred Maxwell on April 14, 1978, and Maxwell claims that Mrs. Rufus Chapman saved the observatory. Mrs Chapman was the wife of ex-governor Chapman. She told them that the observatory had no part of the military so they spared the building.
The Observatory was renamed Maxwell Hall in 1986 in honor of the retired consulting engineer Fred R. Maxwell Jr. He was responsible for protecting and preserving the remains of the nineteenth century campus. This building now serves as the classroom for creativity for the students at the university.