The actions by the four black students in Greensboro led to the formation of the influential Civil Rights organization known as the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. Students at Shaw University founded “SNCC” in April, 1960. SNCC’s purpose was to train peaceful protesters and organize non-violent demonstrations that would target the segregation laws of Jim Crow. The sit-in movement, along with the help of SNCC, spread throughout the South in 1960, which was mainly in the form of sit-in at lunch counters. By the end of 1960, sit-in demonstrations occurred in seventy-eight towns and cities. Over fifty thousand students participated in the protests and over three thousand students were arrested. By July 26th, 1960, every Woolworth store became desegregated by order of the company themselves.
Melvin “Skip” Alston and Earl F. Jones founded the museum. Alston was the first African-American Chairman of the Guilford County commissioner’s board. He was first elected to this position in 2003 and was reelected in 2009. He is an active member of the Guilford County Elected Officials Black Caucus, the North Carolina Association of Black Officials, and the NAACP. Jones represented District 60 in the North Carolina State Legislature from 2002-2011. He was also in charge of Greensboro’s anti-poverty program for 20 years and provided legal counsel for the NAACP.