The number nine factor into much of ancient Chinese history, including the nine-rank system, the nine bestowments, and the nine familial exterminations. The nine rank system was a method of nominating civil servants during the Three Kingdoms era. The nine bestowments were awards given by the Emperor to various officials. The nine familial exterminations refers to a method of punishment in which those convicted of certain crimes were killed along with their entire family.
Chicago's Chinatown, located on the city's South Side (Armour Square community area), is a thriving community that began during the late nineteenth century. Chinese people began coming to Chicago after the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. Most of them traveled to Chicago from the west coast in an effort to escape anti-Chinese violence and tension. The first building featuring Chinese stylistic elements in the area was built in 1912.