This home on the Algiers neighborhood’s Bermuda Street was once home to legendary jazz musician Alphonse Picou (1878-1961) and is included in the Algiers Point Association’s self-guided “Over da River” Jazz Tour. He lived in the house in 1898. He played the clarinet and his musical accomplishments include organizing the Accordiana Band in 1894 and the Independence Band in 1897. He played with a number of notable musicians throughout his career, including Oscar, DuConge, Manuel Perez, John Robichaux, Kid Rena, and Papa Celestin.
Alphonse Floristan Picou was born to a middle-class Creole
of Color family in downtown New Orleans. The Creoles of Color are an ethnic
group mostly associated with New Orleans, but also existing in other parts of
Louisiana, Southern Mississippi, and Alabama. Creoles of Color were free
throughout history and they often had the same privileges as whites, included
formal education and land ownership.
Picou began working as a professional musician at the age of
sixteen. At the time he played both the guitar and the clarinet, later choosing
to focus on the clarinet. Before becoming a full-time musician, he worked as a
tinsmith. Initially, he played with classical bands, such as the Creole section
of the Lyre Club Symphony Orchestra. He also played with some brass bands,
including the Excelsior and the Olympia, before becoming part of the early
musical movement that would later be called jazz. Due to his light complexion,
he also played with some white bands, including Papa Jack Laine. Musicians of
color with darker complexions were not invited to play with white bands due to
the racial prejudices of the time. Picou was forced to return to metalwork
during the Great Depression but began playing professional again during the
forties, when he made his first recordings. His funeral proved to be one of the
largest jazz funerals of all time.