The museum has several main exhibits: the Land of Promise exhibit, which focuses on the lives of people who have lived in northeastern Georgia, from Native Americans to European settlers; the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame, an area honoring local sports legends and their achievements; and the Francis Mathis and Phil Mathis Folk Art Gallery, which features a collection of pottery and folk art that combines styles of the past with modern features.
Two historical structures are also on the grounds of the museum, Whitepath's Cabin and a blacksmith's shop. The Cherokee Chief Whitepath's Cabin was built around 1780 and was expanded later by the Pinson family. This cabin was the home of the Cherokee tribal leader Whitepath in the 18th century. It was moved from its original location to the museum grounds in 1995. The blacksmith's shop at the museum provides blacksmithing demonstrations. It was also moved from its original location to the museum grounds.