The Bowie Railroad Museum commemorates the railroading history in Bowie and the surrounding region. It consists of three buildings, all restored: the single story freight depot, the two story interlocking tower, and the open passenger shed. The tower houses the National Railroad Historical Society’s Martin O’Rourke Railroad Research Library. It contains around 1,800 books, manuals, maps, publications, vintage magazines and other railroad related materials. A 1922 Norfolk and Western Caboose is displayed next to the tower. The buildings were constructed in 1913 by the Pennsylvania Railroad. They, collectively, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In 1872, the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad opened Bowie's first train station. The company later became the Pennsylvania Railroad. Real estate developer Ben Plumb started to plan a town, Huntington City, around the station. The city was renamed Bowie in 1880 after Governor Ogden Bowie. Amtrak took over passenger service in 1971. Passenger service ceased operations in 1989 when a new station was built at Bowie State University. The city and the Huntington Heritage Society then restored the buildings.