Nike Site Summit
During the Cold War, America's military recognized that Alaska was located directly between Soviet bomber bases and strategic targets throughout the United States. As a result, the military built radar station and missile defense systems throughout Alaska. Site Summit was home to the largest clusters of Nike Hercules missiles, and were manned by troops stationed at what is now Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson. The site held annual live fire exercises from 1960 to 1963 that included the firing of non-armed missiles at various targets. The military maintained 24-hour readiness at Site Summit until 1979, when the missile defense system was decommissioned.
Backstory and Context
The Alaska State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO),and JBER are helping to preserve Site Summit. Friends of Nike Summit (FONSS), the National Park Service (NPS), and the Alaska Association for Historic Preservation (AAHP) are some partnerships that Site Summit has to help preserve the site.