Originally standing at six feet tall with barbwire on the top, the wall was raised to 10 feet in 1970 with steel reinforced concrete. The wall stood for a hundred and three miles in length to prevent people from traveling great distances to escape and an estimated two hundred people were killed attempting. The wall became a symbol of the Cold War and raised critical questions about the accuracy of Soviet propaganda if a wall was needed to prevent citizens from leaving the Soviet-controlled sections of the city. Demonstrating the human will and small acts of resistance, this 10 x 10 piece of the wall includes protest graffiti that was added in the darkness of the night to avoid detection.
The Berlin Wall was the site of one of the most memorable speeches of the Cold War when Ronald Reagan stood with the Brandenburg Gate at his back, with East Berlin in listening distance declaring for the wall to be torn down. The wall would eventually come down in 1989 , which again is another one of the most iconic images of the Cold War when citizens were dismantling the wall themselves. The destruction of the Berlin Wall also symbolized the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. When it comes to the Cold War nothing more symbolizes the ideological battle between the two superpowers, more than the Berlin wall. This Monument allows one to see an actual piece of living history in the United States.