The Nylander Museum is a small but impressive natural history museum in Caribou, Maine. It shares the same building, which was constructed in 1938, as the the town's Chamber of Commerce. The museum was founded in 1939 by self-taught naturalist and Swedish-born Olof Nylander who arrived in the U.S. in 1883. He was a well respected naturalist who specialized in the geology, paleontology, and the local flora and fauna of Aroostook County and the surrounding parts of Canada. The museums houses all kinds of speciments and artifacts, representing the major fields of natural history as well as archaeology and paleontology. There is also an archives at the museum. Both the Smithsonian Institution and the Natural History Museum of Canada have tried to acquire the museum's collection.