Mauna Kea Volcano is a dormant volcano located on the island of Hawaii. It stands 13,803 feet above sea level and its' peak is the highest elevation in Hawaii. A large chunk of the volcano is located below the sea and so the total height of Mauna Kea is 33,100 feet. This measurement is twice the height of Mount Everest.
Scientists say Mauna
Kea is approximately one million years old. It has already been
through its active stage, having last erupted about 4,500 years
ago. It is currently a dormant volcano, although it is predicted that Mauna
Kea is likely to erupt again at some point in the future.
Mauna Kea is
considered a sacred mountain to native Hawaiians and its name means white
mountain in their native tongue. Hawaiian's ancient law permitted only
the tribal chiefs to go to the peak. The ancient people used the mountain
forest life for food and made tools from the volcanic basalt. Since the 1980s,
a number of historical burial sites and some shrines has been found here
indicating cultural significance for the natives.
Because of the great
height of Mauna Kea and the fact that it is a dry environment, with not a lot
of airflow, it is used as a site for astronomy. Thirteen telescopes from
different countries have been set up there.