At times rain would be scarce and when the Puebloans people fell on hard times they would move their villages and farms. Some of the people would live in the bottomlands and others in the cliffs. There are three cliff dwellings and they are dated back to the 1250 to 1300. The area and its resident did thrive for around fifty years. It is said that droughts, erosion, religion, social issues, and other influences perhaps is behind them moving away.
In the late 1800s the dwellings were discovered and they suffered damages that included looting. Under President Theodore Roosevelt an act called The Antiquities Act was signed. This allowed Presidents to proclaim national monuments by protecting them. It was in 1909 that the Navajo National Monument was established. This led to the incorporation of Betatakin, Keet Seel, and the Inscription House.