Washington Monument (Baltimore)
The monument was first proposed in 1809. Supporters held several lotteries, using proceeds from the contest to fund the construction of the monument.
Backstory and Context
Congress first began advocating for a significant monument to George Washington as early as 1799, however, the monument in Washington, D.C. did not start construction until 1848. Instead, citizens of Baltimore under the Board of Managers planned and built a monument in Baltimore. The monument consists of a large column with a statue of Washington at the top. It was constructed by local contractors Towson and Stuart with local stone, however, the statue of Washington was sculpted by Italian Enrico Causici.
Excavation for the foundation began in spring of 1815, and the first load of stone was delivered in June. The cornerstone was laid on July 4th, with as many as 30,000 people attending, and featured a 39-gun salute. The statue at the top was chosen through a contest held in 1828, and was complete by 1829. Most work was finished in 1829, however, Robert Mills and the Board of Managers did not consider it officially complete until 1840.
Washington Monument & Mount Vernon Place, Mount Vernon Place. Accessed April 13th 2021. http://mvpconservancy.org/history/.
Historic American Buildings Survey: Washington Monument, Mount Vernon Place, intersection of St. Paul's Street and Mount Vernon Place, Baltimore, Independent City, MD, Library of Congress. Accessed April 13th 2021. https://loc.gov/pictures/item/md0204/.