Cliveden of The National Trust
Built in 1767, Cliveden is a historic Georgian manor that was home to the Chew family for two centuries. It was the home of enslaved workers during the colonial period-a time when slavery was legal in each of the American colonies. It was also the site of an important Revolutionary War battle in 1777, the Battle of Germantown. It was at this location on the evening of October 3, 1777 that George Washington's men attempted to storm the mansion, which had been previously occupied by British forces. The failed attack diverted strength from Washington's main force and helped the British turn back the rebel army. While Washington's men were forced from the battlefield, the five-hour battle demonstrated that the American rebels were capable of a sustained offensive campaign.
Backstory and Context
Battle of Germantown. Mount Vernon Digital Encyclopedia. Accessed December 04, 2016. http://www.mountvernon.org/digital-encyclopedia/article/battle-of-germantown/.