Camp Salvation, 1849
Using the military to aid stranded gold-seekers during the California Gold Rush of 1849-1850, LT. Cave J. Couts, Escourt established Camp Salvation. From September 1849 to December 1849, this camp served as a refugee center for distressed emigrants attempting to reach the gold fields over the Southern Emigrant Trail. The town of Calexico was incorporated in 1908.
California State Park website, http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/listedresources/Detail/808