Built in 1973, the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art was designed by internationally renowned architect I.M. Pei. It contains 35,000 works of art within the African, Asian-Pacific, decorative, American, European, modern and contemporary, photographic, and prints/and drawings categories. The collection includes works by Durer, Goyas, Degas, Matisse, O'Keefe, Warhol and many other famous artists. A 16,000 square foot addition was built in 2001.
The building's architecture, with its fifth floor cantilevered over the sculpture garden, gives the museum a unique appearance. The design had to comply with the request from the university that the museum could not block the view of the lake. It is also situated on a knoll, which limited the size of its footprint. The 2001 expansion is largely invisible from the outside, as it is mostly located underground.