Fort Hartsuff stood as a barrier between the settlers in the North Loup Rive Valley and the Indians. It also served as a social center for those living on the plains. It was eventually abandoned in 1881.
Fort Hatsuff was active between 1874 - 1881 as protection for the settlers on the plains from the Indians during Plains Indian Wars. It was used as a social center for the people of the plains where they would gather to sale or trade their goods, find work, or just simply socialize with one another. When the railroad came through the area, there was no longer a need for the Fort and it was closed.
The buildings of Fort Hatsuff were made of a mixture of gravel, lime and cement similar to concrete. This enabled its buildings to withstand the elements and remain on the property today.
The Fort was abandoned in 1881 and was purchased in 1897 and transformed into a farm headquarters by private investors. It was later donated to the State of Nebraska in 1961 by Glen and Lillian Auble.
The Nebraska Game and Parks Commission restored the original buildings and is responsible for the maintenance of the Park as part of the state-wide Historical Parks System. It was named to the National Register of Historical Places in 1978.