The Museum of Ashe County History is located in the county's former courthouse, which was built in 1904. Designed in the Beaux Arts style, it served as a courthouse until a new one was built in 2001. A group of concerned citizens came together and saved the building from demolition. The museum contains exhibits on the history of the courthouse, the county, the Virginia Creeper railway segment (once owned by the Norfolk and Western Railway), and on county veterans and sports teams. Renovation efforts have been underway for several years and are currently ongoing. The building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.