Toolesboro Mound Group
The Toolesboro Mound Group is a group of Havana Hopewell culture earthworks. They are located on the north bank of the Iowa River near its discharge into the Mississippi River. The mouth of the Iowa River was a superb location for people skilled in hunting and the gathering of food. Some of the dead placed in the mounds were either layed in a sitting postition or creamated, while some were placed in charnel houses where the bodies would decompose, then the boides were later buried.
Backstory and Context
The surviving mounds of the Toolesboro Mound Group were built by the Havana Hopewell culture sometime between 200 b.c. and 100 a.d. The status of the people buried in the mounds indicates that the mounds were raised by people working within an organized community with an established social hierarchy. Since the original construction, other groups of people have been associated with the site.
It is thought that there were up to 12 mounds at one time, unfortunately, excavation has eliminated some mounds and only 7 remain today.