Northwestern Hotel (1919) Avalon Music Centre
The Avalon Music Building
Backstory and Context
The former Avalon Hotel, now the Avalon Music Center, is included on the National Register of Historic Places for its centrality to Jewish and African American history. Opening in 1919 as the Northwestern Hotel by owner-operator Sam Sternberg, the Kosher hotel catered to Jewish travelers and was open to all. This gave the hotel a reputation for openness that led many African Americans to choose to stay here when visiting the nearby Mayo Clinic for medical treatment.
As the only hotel in the area to welcome African Americans before in the early 1900s, the Northwestern also accommodated traveling musicians and celebrities of color like Duke Ellington and boxer Henry Armstrong. The hotel also became a focal point of white supremacist opposition during the Civil Rights Movement and was even the site of a cross burning demonstration on August 23, 1963. Today, the historic building is home to offices and retail and bears the name of the Avalon Hotel which followed the Northwestern and was open to all.