Backstory and Context
A Texas State Supreme Court Associate Justice, M. H. Bonner, purchased some land from his former law partner and the state's first governor, J. Pickney Henderson, in order to gift to his daughter Martha (Mattie) as a wedding present. She and her newly wedded husband, attorney Harrison Whitaker, built the Victorian style, two-story home on the land in 1878 and proceeded to furnish it with fire mantles, light fixtures, wallpaper, and other furniture purchased in New York. The house featured nine rooms in which the Whitakers hosted many guests during social gatherings and dinner parties. Unfortunately, Mattie passed away and the home was sold when Harrison remarried. However, the home remained in the family as Mattie's sister, Annie, purchased the home from Mr. Whitaker.
Annie and her husband, Sydney McClendon, who opened Tyler's first book store, moved into the home and began the era of the McClendon family in the home which would last for many decades.
The McClendon couple were active citizens and involved in politics: Sydney was the Democratic Chairman of Smith County for more than twenty years, and Annie was a charismatic suffragist and a charismatic participant in the East Texas “Votes for Women” rallies. The McClendon couple raised nine children in the home, the youngest child, Sarah, probably being the most well known. Sarah McClendon is famed for her Washington-based news career, which "spanned from Franklin Roosevelt to George W. Bush" (McClendonhouse.net, History).
In 1981, the remaining two McClendon sisters that lived in the home decided to donate the house as a historical site. A non-profit organization formed in order to restore the home, and despite the attempt of an arsonist to destroy the home, the board members persevered in the preservation of the home.
According to the official website of the McClendon House, "In 1988, the Bonner-Whitaker-McClendon house opened to the public as the Designer Showcase for Historic Tyler’s Azalea Trail Heritage Tour."
"History." McClendon House. Accessed July 18, 2015. http://mcclendonhouse.net/history.
Photo: Renelibrary - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WhitakerMcClendonHouse1.JPG#/media/File:WhitakerMcClendonHou...