Previously known as Prairie View, Bridge City was incorporated in 1970 after a decade of previous attempts that were defeated by local residents who preferred to be under the jurisdiction of the county government. The area has been inhabited for centuries, with the first documented humans being members of a nomadic tribe of Indians known as the Attakapa. Spansih explorer Joaquin Orobia Y. Basterra travelled in this area in the 1840s and noted many Native inhabitants. At the time of Texas statehood, the area was still an extremely rural expanse of land mostly used for farming. The settlement of "Cow Bayou" was briefly established near this location in the 1870s, but the community was only temporary and there was little economic development until Cow Bayou Canal Company established a pumping station that facilitated the irrigation of rice and other crops. After the construction of a canal and the tallest bridge in the South during the 1930s, the population grew steadily. The first post office was estbalished in 1946 there were nearly five thousand residents by the late 1960s. This small museum shares space with the town's Chamber of Commerce and is located in the former Prairie View Teacherage.


  • This small museum shares space with the town's Chamber of Commerce and is located in the former Prairie View Teacherage.
    This small museum shares space with the town's Chamber of Commerce and is located in the former Prairie View Teacherage.

In addition to the Attakapa Indians who first settled the land of present-day Bridge City, there were also short periods when the Choctaws, Alabama-Coushatta, Biloxi and Cherokee Indians also were in the area. According to the Bridge City Historical Society, "Legend has it that Jean Lafitte traveled up and down Cow Bayou and may have buried treasure in the area. By 1748, Joaquin Orobia Y. Basterra had explored the county for the Spanish crown."

Present-day Bridge City was first a part Jefferson County during the years of 1836 to 1846 on the account that Orange County was not yet existent. Due to the geographical boundaries of water, the land not yet incorporated by any entity, became a popular frontier for farming pioneers, as well as a notorious hide-out for outlaws. Additionally, according to the Historical Society, "[t]hose trying to stay ahead of the Mexican Army stopped to wait for the all clear signal and just stayed."

Settlers mainly raised meat, but some also farmed cotton, produce, and sugar cane. Additionally, "[s]ome settlers hunted alligators and muskrat." In 1852, the county in which present-day Bridge City is a part of, Orange County, was established, so the community was separated from Jefferson and it became known as Orange, which could only be visited by way of the water that surrounded it. 

Rice production became staple of the area thanks to the construction of a canal built by Cow Bayou Canal Company in 1901. One of the first businesses to have gas pumps in the area was Bailey's Fish Camp which opened in 1921 and was located right where the Dryden Ferry brought commuters across the Neches River. It was housed in a one-story building and in addition to a fish camp, the business sold food and drinks. A second floor for the purpose of a dance hall was added in 1933.

In 1940, the tallest bridge in the south--today it is known as Rainbow Bridge--was completed and aided in the growth of Prairie View. In the 1940s, with the increase in traffic because of the bridge, Praire View started to resemble a town; the area featured a horse race track, multiple grocery stores, two dairies, and gas stations. According to the Historical Society, "[t]he first post office was completed in 1946, and by 1952 the estimated population was 3,000. The channelization of Cow Bayou, the completion of the private electric plant in 1962, and the presence of nearby oilfields and petrochemical plants aided industrial growth."

In the 1941, the Prairie View School District and the Winfree School District joined together and was called the Bridge City Consolidated School District as suggested by a group of ladies at a quilting bee. In 1959, the Bridge City Chamber of Commerce formed and touted the town's new slogan:“The Home of the Friendly People on the Grow”. Community members resisted incorporation in 1960, but another attempt by the Orange County Commissioners in June of 1970 proved to be successful.

"City History." City of Bridge City. Accessed July 10, 2015. http://www.bridgecitytex.com/bc-CityHistory-110.php.