As for the Matheson House, it was built in 1867 by South Carolina native James D. Matheson. It is a great example of Greek Revival architecture blended with South Carolina plantation architecture. Matheson was a successful Gainesville merchant. A wife of one of Matheson's descendants, Sarah Matheson, played a role in founding the Society and the Matheson Museum. She is the person responsible for deeding the house to the Society in 1977.